4 Lessons From Prophet Muhammad’s Perfect Character

Likewise, We have sent unto you a Messenger from among yourselves, who recites unto you Our revelations and purifies you, and teaches you the scripture and wisdom, and teaches you that which you did not know. (Quran 2:151)

This great purpose is what Prophet Muhammad declared when he said:

I have only been sent to perfect good moral character. (Ahmad)

The “good moral character” referred to here is comprehensive. It includes how we conduct ourselves with our Lord, how each of us relates to his or her self, and how we treat other people.

The Prophet’s statement implies there are two types of good moral conduct.  The first is common knowledge.  People know it instinctively.

The other type is that which completes and perfects it.  This cannot be known without God’s guidance through revelation.  The Prophet Muhammad was sent to teach it to the people as part of the message he brought.

He said:

The most beloved and nearest of you to me on the Day of Judgment will be those of you with the best character.  The most detestable and remote from me on the Day of Judgment will be those who are babblers, those who put people down, and those who are vainglorious. (At-Tirmidhi)

It is enough for us to look at the Prophet’s life, his relationship with his Lord, and how he treated people of all walks of life – his household, his relatives, his companions, and his enemies.

Once the Prophet borrowed money from a man, and the man came demanding payment, speaking very harshly.  The companions wanted to respond to the man’s harshness, but the Prophet said:

Leave him alone.  The one who has a right to something is allowed to speak. (Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

Whenever the Prophet borrowed something from someone, he would always return it with more and pray for that person.  He used to say:

The only reward for a loan is complete repayment and praise. (Ahmad)

Abd Allah ibn Salam was one of the leading Jewish scholars in Madinah. He was just-minded and a seeker of the truth.  When he heard about Prophet Muhammad’s arrival, he went to have a look at him.  When he saw the Prophet’s face, he knew that it was not the face of a liar.  The first thing he heard the Prophet say was:

O people! If you spread the greeting of peace among you, feed those who are in need, maintain family relations, and pray at night while people are sleeping, you will enter Paradise with ease. (At-Tirmidi)

Abd Allah ibn Salam was able to read from the Prophet’s countenance the signs that he was honest, trustworthy, and pure-hearted.  Such a countenance is only for people whose hearts are truly pure, whose conduct is righteous, and who devote themselves to God.

The Four Foundations of Good Character

There are many ways to exhibit good character.  However, it all goes back to four essentials.

1- Patience

It takes patience to be obedient to God, and to be gentle and kind under trying circumstances.  It takes patience to swallow back anger and exercise self-restraint.  Patience is necessary for the qualities of forgiveness, pardon, and self-restraint.

God says:

Let them pardon and overlook.  Do you not wish that God should forgive you? And God is Forgiving and Merciful. (Quran 24:22)

2- Decency

This is the quality that helps people abstain from base and ignoble behavior and turns their hearts to that which is noble and high-minded.  A decent heart will be honest with the Creator and to those he or she deals with.

3- Courage

This is the quality that inspires people to greatness and generosity and prevents them from succumbing to anger and rash behavior.

4- Justice

One needs to be moderate in one’s behavior. Every noble character trait stands between two ignoble traits at opposite extremes.  For instance, gentleness is a good character trait, akin to kindness. However, taking it to an excess leads to indignity and humiliation, while being neglectful of it leads to harshness, cruelty, and severity.

Generosity is another good and desirable character trait. Taking it too far leads to reckless spending and wastefulness, while neglecting it makes one a greedy, envious miser.

People naturally possess many good qualities and character traits, some of which they learned from their parents or picked up from their social environment.  These qualities become part of their personalities.

Prophet Muhammad said to Ashajj Abd al-Qays:

You possess two qualities that God loves: gentleness and forbearance.

In some narrations of this event, Prophet Muhammad goes on to tell Ashajj that God made these traits part of his natural disposition, to which Ashajj replied:

Praise be to God who placed within me two qualities that God and His Messenger love.

How to Develop Good Character

1- Striving

  To strive within yourself to exhibit good character traits and refrain from bad ones. God says:

Those who strive for Our sake, We will guide them to Our paths. (Quran 29:69)

Good character is part of God’s guidance.

2- Self Assessment

 This means to look back on one’s behavior.  Those who call themselves to account benefit from it in all aspects of their lives.  This is why God swears by the “self-reproaching spirit” in the Quran.  Al-Hasan al-Basri explains that the self-reproaching spirit describes the spirit of the believer.

3- Aspiring for the Best

 We should aspire to be the best we can be, and this includes our behavior.  We should seek out and even create opportunities to exhibit good behavior.

4- Substitution

We should find alternatives to the bad behavior that we exhibit, alternatives that allow us to express and develop our good traits.

We are influenced by the people around us, by our families, classmates, colleagues, and friends.  However, the greatest influence over us is the influence we have upon our own individual selves, in how we approach and understand ourselves, train ourselves and censure ourselves.  This means we need to recognize our faults and our weaknesses as well as our virtues and strengths.

O God!  Help us to see the weaknesses within ourselves and help us to overcome them.  Do not leave us without Your assistance for a moment.

Abridged from http://en.islamtoday.net.

About Salman al-Ouda
Muslim scholar. Al-Ouda is a member of the International Union for Muslim Scholars and on its Board of Trustees. He is a director of the Arabic edition of the website Islam Today and appears on a number of TV shows and authors newspaper articles.